15 Career Opportunities in Biology with Duties and Salaries

If you are passionate about nature and science, then biology can be the right field for you to build an ever-growing career. With a degree in Biology, you open doors to various career opportunities in this field. But in this blog, we will discuss only 15 exciting career opportunities in Biology along with their duties and salaries.

Career opportunities in biology

1. Doctor  

One of the most well-known and respected careers in the field of biology is that of a doctor. They use their knowledge of biology, anatomy, and physiology to help their patients maintain good health, as well as diagnose and treat a wide range of medical conditions. Becoming a doctor requires education as well as training. While the path to becoming a doctor is challenging, it can be a highly rewarding career that offers the opportunity to save the lives of millions. The salary of a doctor differs and varies as per the field in which they specialize as well as their experience and expertise but the average salary ranges from 0.5 to 12 lakhs rupees per annum.   

2. Microbiologist

Microbiologists study microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They work in a laboratory, examining micro-organisms to identify and analyze micro-organisms. They also study the interactions between micro-organisms and their environment and their impact on human health. They also develop new ways to control or treat diseases caused by micro-organisms or design new methods for detecting and identifying different types of micro-organisms. The average salary for a microbiologist is around Rs 4.6 lakhs per year. Microbiologists are essential for understanding the fundamental aspects of life and play a significant role in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and environmental science.

3. Science Writer

Science writers specialize in translating complex scientific concepts into accessible language for a wider audience. They generally work for newspapers, magazines, websites, or other media outlets. Their duties include researching and writing articles, editing scientific papers, and communicating with scientists and other experts. They may also work as freelance writers, creating articles, blogs, or social media content for various clients. Becoming a science writer typically requires a background in science, such as a degree in biology, chemistry, or physics, as well as strong writing and communication skills. The average salary for a science writer is around Rs. 5.8 lakhs per year.

4. Biomedical Scientist

Biomedical scientists are professionals who use their knowledge of biology, chemistry, and other sciences to develop new medical technologies and treatments. They conduct research on human diseases and try to identify their causes and find cures, and develop new drugs and therapies to deal with these illnesses. Biomedical scientists play a vital role in advancing our understanding of human health and disease, and in developing new treatments to improve outcomes of the treatment. The average salary for a science writer is Rs. 6 lakhs per year.

5. Nurse

Nurses are the ones who work closely with patients to provide medical care and support. They work at hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, etc. and perform a variety of duties such as taking care of patients, monitoring their health, and providing them with medicines at the right time. They also work closely with doctors and other healthcare professionals to develop and implement treatment plans, and to ensure that patients receive the highest quality of care possible. Becoming a nurse requires a degree in nursing and a license along with training and experience in the field. The average salary for a nurse is approximately RS. 2.4 lakhs per annum.

6. Pharmacist

A pharmacist is a person who runs a pharmacy and gives medicines based on the prescription of the doctor. It is mandatory to have knowledge about medicine and a degree in pharmacy if you want to become a pharmacist. A pharmacist earns around 3.8 lakhs a year on average.

7. Environmental Scientist

Environmental scientists study nature and the impact of human activities on nature. They work to understand the effects of pollution, climate change, and other environmental factors on ecosystems and human health. Environmental scientists collect data and samples, analyze data in a laboratory, and develop policies and strategies to mitigate environmental damage. They work with government agencies, and non-profit organizations (NGOs) to develop solutions to protect the environment. Environmental scientists help in protecting the planet and promoting sustainable practices that ensure a healthy future for both humans as well as nature. The average salary for an environmental scientist is Rs. 3.3 lakhs per year.

8. Food Scientist

Food scientists conduct research to develop new food products, processes, and technologies. Food scientists may work in organizations like FSAI (Food Safety Authority of India) and ISI (Indian Standards Institute) for research and development, quality control, or regulatory compliance of food-related products. They play a vital role in ensuring that food products meet regulatory standards and are safe for consumption. The average salary of a food scientist is around Rs 3.6 lakhs per annum.

9. Forensic Scientists

Forensic scientists investigate and analyze crime scene evidence like blood, hair, fibres, and fingerprints. They use this evidence to reconstruct events and provide insights into criminal activity. Forensic scientists play a vital role in the justice system by helping to solve crimes and ensure that the guilty are punished. The average salary of forensic scientists is around Rs 3.5 lakhs per annum.

10. Veterinarian

In simple words, veterinarians are animal doctors. They diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries, and diseases in pets, zoo animals, or even stray animals. Becoming a veterinarian requires immense love and empathy for animals along with a degree. Veterinarian earns an average salary of Rs 5.5 lakh per annum. 

11. Biotech Researcher

Biotech researchers use genetic engineering, molecular biology, and other advanced techniques to develop new products, therapies, and technologies. They may work in a laboratory, researching new drugs, vaccines, or other biotech products. The average salary for a biotech researcher is around Rs 3.8 lakhs per annum.

12. Medical Scientist

Medical scientists conduct research on diseases and disorders and try to find their causes, treatments, and prevention measures. They usually work in a laboratory, conducting experiments on biological specimens, or in clinical trials, testing new therapies and treatments on patients. The average salary for a medical scientist is around Rs 8.4 lakhs per year.

13. Marine Biologist

Marine biologists study marine organisms and their habitats. They may dive into the sea and oceans to collect data and samples or work in a laboratory, analyzing specimens and data. Marine biologists also help with conservation projects to protect marine ecosystems. The average salary for a marine biologist is around Rs 6.9 lakhs per annum. 

14. Geneticist

Geneticists study genes and heredity, the inheritance of genetic traits, and the role of genes in heredity are some of the elements geneticists will have to look closely into. Analyzing DNA in a laboratory and genetic data, or developing new genetic therapies are some of the geneticist’s basic tasks. The average salary for a geneticist is around Rs 4.4 lakhs per annum.

15. Immunologists

Immunologists are scientists who study the immune system and its response to diseases. They work to understand the mechanisms of immune responses and develop therapies to prevent and treat diseases related to the immune system. The average salary of an immunologist is around Rs 3.6 lakhs per annum.


Thus, the world of biology is vast, and exciting, and offers a variety of career opportunities. In this blog, we have only explained 15 career options. But there are endless career opportunities available, and we encourage you to pursue your passion and explore the world of biology.